Made up of 90% hard keratin, our nails are constantly renewed from the matrix that is under the skin. Their growth, which is by nature slow, varies depending on age, matrix status, and our general health.
Structure Of Nails
Just as hair and body hair and nails are part of the skin protective coverings term that designates all productions of the skin, consisting mainly of keratin. They consist of different parts:
– The nail itself is a translucent tile with a convex shape made up of several layers of hard keratin that protects the fingertips. Usually with a pale pink color, it may become whitish, yellowish or bluish depending on the outside temperature or because of various health problems;
– Lumula is the bright spot in the shape of an arc seen at the base of the nail (the most noticeable of the thumbs);
– The cuticle is a skin seal that (to a greater or lesser extent) covers the base of the nail and protects it. Sometimes she can hide the moonlight;
– The nail bed is the epidermal layer on which the nail is attached and to which it is attached;
– The free end indicates the end of the nail that goes beyond the finger and is not glued to the bed;
– The root is under the skin at the base of the nail;
The matrix under the root is the living part of the nail: new cells (keratinocytes) are produced there. When the matrix is damaged, the nail grows irregularly (bleeding, stretch marks, deformities may occur), temporarily or permanently depending on the degree of trauma.
The growth of the nail begins from the matrix: so the nail renews slightly from its base to the free end. New keratinocytes are constantly produced at the level of the matrix’s epidermis core layer, then climb slightly to the surface by flattening and curing. Gradually they push the oldest cells to the free end of the nail. Contrary to the skin process, the nail does not naturally eliminate dead cells: they only disappear when we cut or smear nails.
Therefore, the growth of the nail is constant, as that of the hair on the hair and hair, but it is slow: our nails grow about 3 mm per month. 3 to 6 months are necessary for the complete renewal of one fingernail and 12 to 18 months for one toenail.
This average duration is valid for an adult with good health. In children it is a bit faster, but the nails are softer and tender. In older people, the growth slows down until the nails become colored, dry and fragile.
Nail Fungi – What Should You Know About Their Prevention?
Nail fungal infection is a common problem that can change your nail to unrecognizable, discolour, wrinkle and even peel off the nail plate. This type of infection affects nails, both on the feet and on the hands. Their prevention is extremely difficult and prolonged, and the fungi for the fungus may be varied, requiring time and patience.
How Do Nail Flies Appear?
Fungi, which can cause skin and nail infections, are available everywhere in our environment, especially in warm and humid places. The main sources of this type of infection are swimming pools and spa centers. If the claw is healthy, it can hardly be infected. The infection easily penetrates through the structure of the nail and through wounds on the skin around it. Some of the predisposing factors are nail injuries, nail trauma sports, often wearing awkward and tight shoes, clothing, working in a damp environment, disturbed peripheral blood flow and slow nail growth.
Symptoms Of Fungal Nails
Infectious processes begin most often from the side edges of the nails. Gradually the color begins to change, becoming either transparent or dark. After a while the nail plate thickens, becoming brittle and brittle. This process starts from a claw and over time can extend to other nails.
Diagnosis And Treatment
In case of suspected fungal infections, the dermatologist and microbiologist are the people who can confirm or reject the onychomycosis diagnosis. It is difficult to distinguish the different causative factors that led to this condition. Treatment can be done with oral medication (usually lasting for 2-6 months) or with topical antimycotic preparations in the form of a gel or spray (for example, Fresh Fingers Natural Nail Spray). It is advisable to pay special attention to the hygiene of the feet, using soft soap and warm water.
Home Fighting Support Tools
As you know at home, many resources can be prepared to have a soothing effect and to contribute to tackling the problem.
- · In a convenient dish, dissolve equal parts of warm water and apple vinegar with 1 tablespoon of baking soda. Soak your feet for 30 minutes and then rinse with lukewarm water.
- · Lubricate affected nails with a batch of soda for bread and oxygen, wrap and shoe soft stockings. Stay as long as possible, then wash with water and dry thoroughly.
- · Take a small lump of honey, spread it on the nail and make a night compress. The bandage has a cotton bandage. In the morning, wash with lukewarm water.
- · With a swab, smear the nails with garlic (squeeze the juice on a few cloves of garlic and strain it with gauze). Wait to dry and wear soft stockings. Rinse with lukewarm water.
Tips For Preventing The Reproduction of Fungi
If you do not have time for home-made recipes, or if the fungus problem is already in a much more serious stage and these tips will not have the desired effect, it is recommended that you try the Fresh Fingers spray to have your dreamed pedicure for next summer. The following precautions are recommended at the end of the procedures:
- · Cut your nails frequently and carefully, avoiding injuries;
- · Wear high quality cotton socks, iron them from the inside and change them daily;
- · Keep your feet and hands dry by thoroughly drying them after washing;
- · Use a separate cloth and individual manicure and pedicure tools that after cleaning can be cleaned with a high percentage of ethyl alcohol;
- · Use regular pumice or a special sponge to remove spikes;
- · Do not use a varnish, even the colorless so seals the nail and keeps the fungus, which leads to a deepening of the problem;
- · Wear comfortable and ventilated shoes made of natural materials and no moisture. Discard old shoes that have been infected.
The troubles of the fungus are everyday life for many people. Discontent can persecute you all day and night. Visiting a specialist is often postponed, and this leads to the concealment of the problem rather than a quick solution. If you experience a fungal infection problem or when you notice a change in the nails of your feet, you should resort to immediate combat and prevention. This will bring you relief of pain, beautiful and fresh feet, healthy nails and self-esteem.