Acne – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnostication And Prevention!

Acne is often an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands of the skin. They are not an endangered disease, but they can be unpleasant and cause problems. In some cases lead to the creation of permanent scars on the skin. Can they be prevented?


Acne is often an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands of the skin, which is characterized by the appearance of comedones (openings that can be opened – black and closed – white), pimples, and in severe cases occurrence of nodules and cysts. Changes occur more often on the face, back, shoulders and chest. Although most teens face these changes, however, the disease is not limited by age.

Acne is not a life-threatening disease, but it can still be nasty and cause problems, and in some cases lead to the creation of permanent scars on the skin.


Acne occurs after the pores on the surface of the skin. It’s time to actually open the follicular channel. The follicle contains hair and stomach. Under normal conditions, the sebaceous gland lubricates the skin and helps remove dead cells from its surface. When the glands begin to produce too much fat, it blocks the pores and accumulates impurities, debris and bacteria. This condition is called comedone (stuttering).

The top of the comedone may be white or black (in the folk known as black). If rupture, the accumulated material may spread to the environment of the pore and cause an inflammatory reaction. If inflammation is deeper in the skin, pimples will become larger and form a firm, painful cyst.

Acne can be caused by:

– Hormonal changes related to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, stress, etc.
– cosmetic products
– certain drugs (such as steroids, testosterone, estrogens, etc.)
– in cases where there is more humidity or frequent sweating

They are commonest in teenagers, however will occur at any age.

Familial predisposition to acne is common. Although it is popular belief that certain types of foods cause acne, this is not confirmed


Acne typically occurs on the face, chest, back and shoulders. In fact, in these places the skin has the highest concentration of sebaceous glands. Acne can occur in the following forms:

  • Comodons (closed – white or open – black tights called the black ones). Their occurrence is described above.
  • Papules – these are small balls above the level of the skin that signal that there is inflammation in the hair follicle. They may be red and painful.
  • Steps – these are red-sensitive highs above the level of the skin with a white pus at the top.
  • Follows – these are large, solid, painful pinches below the surface of the skin. They are created by collecting secretions deeper in the hair follicle.
  • Costs – they are diseased knots filled with pus, placed beneath the surface of the skin. They can cause scarring.


Acne is usually not a serious disease, but a dermatologist is required to treat pimples or inflamed cysts to avoid scarring or other skin damage. If they affect self-confidence or social contact, it’s also advisable to contact a doctor


Your doctor may diagnose acne based on skin changes. Additional trials are usually not necessary.


What can you do to reduce the consequences of acne?
– Wash the skin gently with a mild soap that does not dry the skin.
– Remove any impurities from the make-up.
– Take one to two times a day, including after exercise, but avoid excessive wash.
– If you have oily hair, wash your hair with shampoo everyday, comb it backwards so that it is farther away from your face and avoid solid haircuts.
– Do not press, scratch or rub the pimples, because it can lead to scarring or developing skin inflammation.
– Avoid touching your face with your hands.
– Avoid using oily creams or other cosmetic products.
– Remove the make-up before bedtime.

If these steps do not help you control the condition with acne try with remedial creams and lotions that are applied directly to the skin. They usually contain a variety of active ingredients such as benzyl peroxide, sulfur, resorcinol, salicylic acid, etc. The basis of their action is the killing of bacteria and the drying of fats. Finally, we advise you to ask for a dermatologist’s opinion.


  1. Oral antibiotics (e.g. from the tetracycline group).
  2. Local topical antibiotics are medicines that are applied directly to the skin.
  3. Creams or gels containing retinoic acid.
  4. Medicines containing benzyl peroxide, sulfur, resorcinol, salicylic acid.

The doctor may also recommend chemical skin peeling, removal of scars with dermabrasion, removal or drainage of cysts, various laser treatments, etc.

Exposure to sunlight helps in healing, but be moderate in sun exposure. If this is excessively increased the risk of skin cancer


Usually acne retreats after adolescence, but may last longer. The condition generally responds well to several weeks of therapy, but may occur again from time to time. Scarring occurs when severe acne cases remain untreated. Also, if acne is not treated, emotional difficulties may occur, especially among teenagers.


Possible complications are:
– Changes in the color of the skin.
– Occurrence of cysts.
– Emotional disorders, such as reducing self-esteem, problems in social life, changes in character
– The side effects of the drugs used in the therapy.


After the withdrawal of acne, it may be necessary to continue the therapy to prevent the recurrence of the disease. Talk to your doctor about the prevention of future eruptions. Measures that you can download yourself are:

– Wash the spots where acne occurs twice a day using water-based products and no oil-based products.
– Use cosmetic products against acne that have the benzyl peroxide or salicylic acid as an active ingredient.
– Avoid applying too much makeup.
– Remove the make-up before bedtime.
– Have a comfortable outfit.
– Breathe in after each exercise.


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